How To Install Windows Server 2003 - Part 1

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Lab 1

 
Installing
Windows Server 2003

 

Zulfadli Bin Mohd Saad

Computer Technology, Department of Electronic

MARA Vocational Institute, Sik, Kedah.

 

 

Installing Windows Server 2003

In this section you will install a Windows Server 2003 from CD. This will comprise a Windows Server 2003 and a client computer running Windows XP Professional.

 Active Directory
When you install Windows Server 2003 as the computer in charge of your network, you will also install active directory. This is like a large data store that holds information about users, policies, computers and other information.

In a Windows 2003 network, all servers keep their own copy of the Active Directory, and when changes are made, the changes are sent to all the other servers (that are configured as domain controllers) in the network.

You will enable Active Directory when you install the Windows 2003 Server, thus creating a network for your organization. This active directory will be used in subsequent exercises.

 File System Types
Windows Server 2003 support the following file-systems. Which file system you choose depends upon a number of factors.

FAT [File Allocation Table]

Supported by MSDOS and Windows 9x. No file-level security. Partition sizes less than 2GB.

FAT32

Supported by MSDOS and Windows 9x. No file-level security. Partition sizes larger than 2GB but maximum 32GB.

NTFS [NT File System]

Windows NT, XP, 2000 and 2003 support this file system. Choose this file system if you want file level security [permissions at the file level]. If you intend to support Macintosh computers, or migrate Netware servers to Windows Server 2003, you must choose NTFS. The other features that NTFS supports are disk compression, disk quotas and file encryption.

FAT file systems can be converted to NTFS either during installation or afterwards. It is not possible to convert an NTFS partition to FAT (you have to remove the partition, recreate it, then format it as a FAT partition).

 Advantages Disadvantages
FAT Allows MS-DOS access to your files. Widely used. Files remain unprotected. Automatic disk restoration not possible. Allows access to files via an intruder using MS-DOS. Filenames restricted to 8.3 format.

NTFS File level security possible. Automatic disk restoration possible. Supports long filenames. Disk quotas. File compression and encryption. Only supported by Windows 2003, Windows 2000, Windows XP or Windows NT. If the boot partition is NTFS, you cannot access any files if booting under MS-DOS.

You will use an NTFS file system because we are interested in security and will assign permission rights to folders and files.

 Comparison Of Supported File Systems

Feature

FAT

FAT32

NTFS

Granular security

 

 

Compatibility

Can read FAT32; cannot read NTFS

Can read FAT; cannot read NTFS

Can read both FAT and FAT32

Support for Recovery Console in emergencies

 

 

Support for becoming a domain controller

 

 

Can be converted

To FAT32 or NTFS

To NTFS

No conversion supported

 

Licensing Modes
The licensing mode refers to the way in which client licenses are managed. The two modes are

Per Seat LicenseA separate client license is required for each client computer on the network. This is preferred for large networks where client computers may connect to more than one server, and thus is easier to manage.

Per Server LicenseEach server is configured to support a specific number of client computers, each of which is fully licensed. On smaller networks where client computers may only access a single server, this option allows you to specify the maximum number of simultaneous connections that the server can support.

In the lab exercise, you will specify the “per server license” mode.

Different ways to install Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003 can be installed using one of TWO ways.

Network InstallThe Windows files are placed on a network share. The computer must be booted with either a compatible operating system that has network access, or a client network boot disk that can access the network share.

CD-ROM InstallThe Windows files reside on a CD-ROM drive that is supported by and recognized by Windows [check Hardware Compatibility List]. The computer must be booted with either a compatible operating system that recognizes the CD-ROM, or a boot disk that includes a CD-ROM driver.

During the install process, a folder $Win_nt$.~bt is created on the target computer, and the Windows 2003 installation files are copied into that folder.

 Network Installation of Windows Server 2003
The Windows files are copied from the distribution CD-ROM into a folder on an existing server. This folder is then shared with the appropriate permissions to allow network access.

If the computer does not have an operating system installed on the hard disk, the installer boots the computer (from a system boot disk that has a network client) and maps a network drive to the share point that holds the Windows files. The program WINNT.EXE is then executed.

If the computer is already running Windows (such as Windows 9x or NT workstation), it can be upgraded to Windows 2003 using the WINNT32.EXE program. The installer boots the computer system using the installing operating system, logs on, then accesses the shared network folder where the install files are located, and runs WINNT32.EXE to either install or upgrade to Windows 2003.

 INSTALLATION SUMMARY
Use WINNT.EXE if you are upgrading from MS-DOS or there is no operating system installed on the hard disk of the computer.

Use WINNT32.EXE if you are upgrading from NT Server.

To create a Windows network, a Windows 2003 server is installed first. This server will hold information about the network, such as usernames and passwords, the names of computers that belong to the network and other information. Windows 2003 stores this information in the Active Directory.

Using NTFS provides file-level security. This lets you secure files, folders, printers and other resources.

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Zulfadli Bin Mohd Saad, Computer Technology, Department of Electronic, MARA Vocational Institute, Lumut, Perak.

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Windows Server 2003 for Beginner v.2

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 1

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 2

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 3

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 4

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 5

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 6

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 7

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 8

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Zulfadli Bin Mohd Saad,Computer Technology, Department of Electronic, MARA Vocational Institute, Lumut, Perak.

Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 9

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 10

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 11

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 12

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 13

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 14

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 15

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Windows Server 2008 - Exercise 16

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Debian 5 Server

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Ubuntu Server Guide

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Nota Cisco

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Nota Terbaru - Server 2008 & Debian 5 Server

Nota baru dah siap upload...Jika mahu, download di blog saya:

http://zcomby-server2008.blogspot.com/

atau di link d bawah:

Windows Server 2008 - Complete

Windows Server 2008

Debian 5 Server - update 15 Sept. 2011

Linux

Zulfadli Bin Mohd Saad,Computer Engineering Technology, Department of Electronic, MARA Vocational Institute, Lumut, Perak.

 

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